The mass fraction of moisture in the dry extract is not more than 10%
Mass fraction of moisture in the thick extract is not more than 50%
Mass fraction of insoluble substances in water not more than 5%
Mass fraction of flavonoids in the dry extract (in terms of rutin), not less than 0.1%
Mass fraction of flavonoids in the thick extract (in terms of rutin), not less than 0.1%
Oats are a herbaceous plant 60-100 cm tall. Annual herb with a bearded root. Stem rounded hollow, up to 1 m tall, erect, hollow, with swollen dense nodes. The leaves are rough, linear-lanceolate, with long sheaths, covering the internodes. The flowers are green with long spines, collected in two-flower spikelets, which in turn form sprawling panicles. It blooms in June and July. Roots are adventitious, fibrous. The fruit is an oblong grain with a groove and a tightly filmy plei.
Medicinal raw materials are cereals and oat flour, as well as straw. Grains contain 44% starch, 13% protein, in addition there is gum, sugar, fat, mineral salts (phosphate, calcium, etc.), vitamins B1, B2, A. Oat seeds contain up to 60% of starch, about 16% of proteins, fats (9%), enzymes and vitamins of group B. Oats are not used in official medicine. In folk medicine, it is used as an enveloping agent for diseases of the stomach and intestines, with intestinal atony, with viral hepatitis, with iron deficiency anemia and cardiac rhythm disorders. Oatmeal is prepared from kissels, which are considered to be a good dietary tool for convalescents and as an enveloping agent for gastrointestinal diseases accompanied by diarrhea, in these cases it is recommended to use decoctions of oatmeal.