Mass fraction of moisture in the dry extract is not more than 10%
The mass fraction of moisture in the thick extract is not more than 50%
Mass fraction of insoluble substances in water not more than 5%
Mass fraction of iridoids in the dry extract, not less than 2.0%
Mass fraction of iridoids in the thick extract, not less than 2.0%
The main active ingredients of motherwort grass are flavonoids, iridoids and alkaloids. The plant contains alkaloids (up to 0.4%): leonurin, leonuridin, stachydrin; choline; sapononins, flavonoids: quercetin, rutin, quinqulosos, cosoiin, hyperoside, quercetin, quercetin -7-glucoside, isoquercithin; iridoids: haliridoside, 8-acetylgarpagid, augoside, augol, harpagid; essential oil (up to 0.9%), which includes limonene, linalool, caryophilic, α-humulene, α- and β-pinene; diterpenoids, steroid glycosides, caffeic acid glycoside, paracumaric acid, tannins (up to 2.5%), marubin bitterness, coloring agents, resins, vitamin C, carotene; macro - and microelements. Motherwort grass has pronounced sedative (soothing) properties. Plant preparations have an antispasmodic and anticonvulsant action, slow down the rhythm and increase the strength of heart contractions, have a pronounced hypotensive and cardiotonic effect. Motherwort has a beneficial effect on carbohydrate and fat metabolism, reduces the level of glucose, lactic and pyruvic acids, cholesterol, total lipids in the blood, normalizes the indicators of protein metabolism. Motherwort is used in heart failure, it reduces swelling, increasing urination, and it is successfully used in hypertension, lowering blood pressure, reducing headaches, improving sleep and overall health.
Tincture of motherwort is used as a sedative for increased nervous excitability, in the early stage of hypertension, sleep disorders. Iridoids have different properties: immunostimulating, choleretic, laxative, antimicrobial, fungicidal, antitumor, etc., but above all sedative, so they are considered as a class of natural compounds to create new drugs of plant origin. Plant iridoids increase the effectiveness of complex therapy of hypertension, accompanied by psycho-emotional disorders, can reduce the dose of antihypertensive drugs. Spasmolytic activity of motherwort grass is caused by the action of flavonoids and iridoids. Bitterness and flavonoids of the plant improve digestion and have a choleretic effect; triterpenes exhibit cardiotonic properties, anti-atherosclerotic activity, enhance the action of cardiac glycosides.