The mass fraction of moisture in the dry extract is not more than 10%
Mass fraction of moisture in the thick extract is not more than 50%
Mass fraction of insoluble substances in water not more than 5%
Mass fraction of flavonoids in the thick extract (in terms of rutin), not less than 0.5%
Red capsicum (Capsicum annuum) belongs to the family of nightshade. It refers to annual grassy forms. The stalk reaches a height of from forty to sixty centimeters. It can be straight or sinuous, cylindrical in shape. Stem branches, and the part located near the ground - lumber. The leaves are ovate or lanceolate. On the stem and branches are arranged sequentially. In some cases, the top two sheets are paired. The flowers are bell-shaped or glass. Often arranged singly, rarely in pairs, can sometimes be collected in bundles. The homeland of capsicum is Central America, and more precisely the territory of modern Mexico and Guatemala. It is cultivated throughout the world. In open ground only in fairly warm regions.
The composition of hot pepper contains a large amount of alkaloid capsaicin. He is responsible for the sharp taste. Other important ingredients are fatty oils, capsorubin, capsatin, carotenes and carotenoids. In the composition there is a whole complex of vitamins: groups B, C, A and R. There are sugars, essential oils. As part of the fruits of pepper there are various minerals that are useful for humans. These are potassium, calcium, sodium, iron and copper, silicon, sulfur, phosphorus, zinc, manganese. Red peppers can increase appetite and stimulate digestion. It improves the digestion of heavy foods, improves metabolism, fights flatulence and increases bile secretion. Ingestion of the fruit of this plant improves vision. The fruits of red chilli peppers have antibacterial properties, as well as diaphoretic, expectorant and antipyretic effects. In addition, it is able to reduce the symptoms of depression. Pepper improves immunity, memory and strengthens blood vessels, prevents blood clots. Capsaicin causes local skin irritation and increases blood circulation in irritated areas. It is used for the external use of drugs from it.